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新东方薛倩:9月6日雅思口语回忆及解析

文章来源:亚博网站有保障的         发布时间:2021-05-31 01:24

本文摘要:上海新东方9月4日雅思回忆及分析 读者一部分 薛倩,上海市新东方教师,毕业于西安外国语大学英语语言学专业技术专业,专业八级,三级笔译,托福雅思考試高分数获奖者(在其中读者一部分彻底得分),翻译成阅历丰富。曾任美国ELS中心助课,太傻留学网全职的翻译成,美国上学杰出咨询顾问,恋人文化教育,长时间主要从事中国和海外考前培训,教学课堂因人施教,和蔼可亲激情,细腻掌握,周密而质朴风趣,课堂教学全线通车中西方文化艺术,偏重于考試和实用英语同时进行,备受学员亲睐。

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上海新东方9月4日雅思回忆及分析  读者一部分  薛倩,上海市新东方教师,毕业于西安外国语大学英语语言学专业技术专业,专业八级,三级笔译,托福雅思考試高分数获奖者(在其中读者一部分彻底得分),翻译成阅历丰富。曾任美国ELS中心助课,太傻留学网全职的翻译成,美国上学杰出咨询顾问,恋人文化教育,长时间主要从事中国和海外考前培训,教学课堂因人施教,和蔼可亲激情,细腻掌握,周密而质朴风趣,课堂教学全线通车中西方文化艺术,偏重于考試和实用英语同时进行,备受学员亲睐。  P1:WilliamGilbertandMagnetism吉尔伯特和电磁场。

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  网民获得的全文和题型,以下:  READINGPASSAGE1  Youshouldspendabout20minutesonQuestions1–13whicharebasedonReadingPassage1below.  WilliamGilbertandMagnetism  TheaccreditedfatherofthescienceofelectricityandmagnetismwastheEnglishscientist,WilliamGilbert,whowasaphysicianandmanoflearningatthecourtofElizabeth.Priortohim,allthatwasknownofelectricityandmagnetismwaswhattheancientsknew,thatthelodestonepossessedmagneticpropertiesandthatamberandjet,whenrubbed,wouldattractbitsofpaperorothersubstancesofsmallspecificgravity.WilliamGilbert'sgreattreatiseDemagnete,magneticisiquecorporibus"or"OntheMagnet",printedinLatinin1600,containingthefruitsofhisresearchesandexperimentsformanyyears,indeedprovidedthebasisforanewscience.  WilliamGilbertwasborninColchester,Suffolk,onMay24,1544.HestudiedmedicineatSt.John'sCollege,Cambridge,graduatingin1573.HewasprominentintheCollegeofPhysiciansandbecameitspresidentin1599.ThefollowingyearhewasappointedphysiciantoQueenElizabethI,andafewmonthsbeforehisdeathonDec.10,1603,physiciantoJamesI.  TheancientGreeksknewaboutlodestones,strangemineralswiththepowertoattractiron.SomewerefoundnearthecityofMagnesiainAsiaMinor(nowTurkey),andthatcitylentitsnametoallthingsmagnetic.TheearlyChinesealsoknewaboutlodestonesandaboutironmagnetizedbythem.Aroundtheyear1000theydiscoveredthatwhenalodestoneoranironmagnetwasplacedonafloatinabowlofwater,italwayspointedsouth.Fromthisdevelopedthemagneticcompass,whichquicklyspreadtotheArabsandfromthemtoEurope.  Britainwasamajorseafaringnationin1588whentheSpanishArmadawasdefeated,openingthewaytoBritishsettlementofAmerica.Britishshipsdependedonthemagneticcompass,yetnooneunderstoodwhyitworked.Didthepolestarattractit,asColumbusoncespeculated;orwasthereamagneticmountainatthepole,asdescribedinOdyssey,whichshipsshouldneverapproach,becausethesailorsthoughtitspullwouldyankoutalltheirironnailsandfittings?Didthesmellofgarlicinterferewiththeactionofthecompass,whichiswhyhelmsmenwereforbiddentoeatitnearaship'scompass?Fornearly20yearsWilliamGilbertconductedingeniousexperimentstounderstandmagnetism.  "WilliamGilbertwasfascinatedbymagnets,”asDr.DavidP.SternofNASAnotes.Giventwomagnets,Gilbertknewthatmagneticpolescanattractorrepel,dependingonpolarity.Inaddition,however,ordinaryironisalwaysattractedtoamagnet.Gilbertguessed,correctly,thatnearapermanentmagnetironbecameatemporarymagnet,ofapolaritysuitableforattraction.Thatis,theendofanironbarstucktoanSpoleofamagnet(south-seekingpole)temporarilybecomesanN-pole.Becausemagneticpolesalwayscomeinmatchedpairs,theotherendofthebartemporarilybecomesanS-pole,andcaninitsturnattractmoreiron.Gilbertconfirmedhisguessoftemporary("induced")magnetismbyanoriginalexperiment.Usingstrings,hehungtwoparallelironbarsabovethepoleofaterrella,amodelearthhedesignedforthisexperiment,andnotedthattheyrepelledeachother.Undertheinfluenceoftheterrella,eachbecameatemporarymagnetwiththesamepolarities,andthetemporarypolesofeachbarrepelledthoseoftheotherone.  In1600GilbertpublishedDemagneteinLatin.VeryquicklyitbecamethestandardworkthroughoutEuropeonelectricalandmagneticphenomena.Inthisworkhedescribesmanyofhisexperimentswithhismodelearthterrella.Fromhisexperiments,heconcludedthattheEarthwasitselfmagneticandthatthiswasthereasoncompassespointednorth.Inhisbook,healsostudiedstaticelectricityusingamber.Gilbertstronglyarguedthatelectricityandmagnetismwasnotthesamething.Forevidence,he(incorrectly)pointedoutthatelectricalattractiondisappearedwithheat,magneticattractiondidnot.Bykeepingclarity,Gilbert'sstrongdistinctionadvancedsciencefornearly250years.IttookJamesClerkMaxwelltoshowelectromagnetismis,infact,twosidesofthesamecoin.  DeMagneteisnotonlyacomprehensivereviewofwhatwasknownaboutthenatureofmagnetism,Gilbertaddedmuchknowledgethroughhisownexperiments.HelikenedthepolarityofthemagnettothepolarityoftheEarthandbuiltanentiremagneticphilosophyonthisanalogy.InGilbert'sanimisticexplanation,magnetismwasthesouloftheEarthandaperfectlysphericallodestone,whenalignedwiththeEarth'spoles,wouldspinonitsaxis,justastheEarthspinsonitsaxisin24hours.HespeculatedthatthemoonmightalsobeamagnetcausedtoorbitbyitsmagneticattractiontotheEarth.Thiswasperhapsthefirstproposalthataforcemightcauseaheavenlyorbit.  Gilbertdidnot,however,expressanopinionastowhetherthisrotatingEarthwasatthecenteroftheuniverseorinorbitaroundtheSun.IntraditionalcosmologytheEarthwasfixedanditwasthesphereofthefixedstars,carryingtheotherheavenswithit,whichrotatedin24hours.SincetheCopernicancosmologyneededanewphysicstoundergirdit,CopernicanssuchasJohannesKeplerandGalileowereveryinterestedinGilbert'smagneticresearches.Galileo'seffortstomakeatrulypowerfularmedlodestoneforhispatronsprobablydatefromhisreadingofGilbert'sbook.  ThefirstmajorscientificworkproducedinEngland,Gilbert’sDemagnetereflectedanewattitudetowardscientifici nvestigation.Untilthen,scientificexperimentswerenotinfashion:instead,booksreliedonquotesofancientauthoritiesandthatiswherethemythaboutgarlicinterferingwiththecompassstarted.Unlikemostmedievalthinkers,Gilbertwaswillingtorelyonsenseexperienceandhisownobservationsandexperimentsratherthantheauthoritativeopinionordeductivephilosophyofothers.Inthetreatisehenotonlycollectedandreviewedcriticallyolderknowledgeonthebehaviorofthemagnetandelectrifiedbodiesbutdescribedhisownresearches,whichhehadbeenconductingfor17years.Itwasbecauseofthisscientificattitude,togetherwithhiscontributiontoourknowledgeofmagnetism,thataunitofmagnetomotiveforce,alsoknownasmagneticpotential,wasnamedtheGilbertinhishonor.  Questions1-8  DothefollowingstatementsagreewiththeinformationgiveninReadingPassage1?Inboxes1–8onyouranswersheetwrite.  TRUEifthestatementistrue  FALSEifthestatementisfalse  NOTGIVENiftheinformationisnotgiveninthepassage  1.ItwasGilbertwhofirstdiscoveredsomesubstanceswithmagneticproperties.  2.Arabsinventedthemagneticcompassinwhichanironmagnetalwayspointedsouth.  3.GilbertexplainedthephenomenonofthemagneticcompassinhisbookDemagnete.  4.Gilbert’smistakennotionaboutthedistinctionbetweenelectricityandmagnetismheldbackthedevelopmentofscience.  5.GilbertspeculatedthatthemoonorbitedtheEarthbymagneticforce.  6.CopernicanssuchasGalileofavoredtraditionalcosmologywhichheldthattheearthwasthecenteroftheuniverse.  7.Gilbert'smagnetictheoriescontradictedthetraditionalcosmology.  8.Asascientist,Gilbertsethimselfapartbyfavoringanintuitiveapproachandexperimentsratherthanthedeductivereason.  Questions9-13  ChoosetheappropriatelettersA–Dandwritetheminboxes9-13onyouranswersheet.  9.InOdyssey,whycouldnotshipsapproachthemountainatthepole?  A.Peoplebelievedthattheywouldgetlostifgarlichamperedtheactionofthecompass.  B.Peoplebelievedthatthepolestarwoulddistractshipsaway.  C.Peoplebelievedthatthemagnetismwouldwrecktheship.  D.Peoplebelievedthatthemagneticmountainwouldmakethecompassoutofwork.  10.Bycontactingtwometalbars,onemagnetized,theotherneutral,hewasabletopassonachargetotheneutralbar.Hecalledthis___________  A.inducedmagnetism.  B.permanentmagnetism.  C.terrellamagnetism.  D.polarmagnetism.  11.InDemagnete,Gilbert___________discussedelectricity,magnetismandheat.  A.emphatically  B.scientifically  C.wrongly  D.passionately  12.JamesClerkMaxwelldemonstratedthat____________  A.electricityandmagnetismwasthesamething.  B.electricalandmagneticattractiondisappearedwithheat.  C.therewassomerelationshipbetweenelectricityandmagnetism.  D.electromagnetismhastwooppositesides.  13.Gilbert’sDemagnete,acollectionofhistheoriesandexperimentsandreflectionsonothers’workiscommonlyknownas_____________  A.anessay.  B.atreatise.  C.avolume.  D.acontribution.  P2:少年儿童的发展趋势文化教育遭受多种多样要素的危害。;a5e0~/k,a)X  P3:给technicalworker获得artbased学习培训  引荐课程内容:上海新东方雅思学习培训编写引荐》》[预测]李晓刚:9月15雅思英语口语预测[回想]9月4日雅思考試回想(网民版)[工作经验]雅思8.。


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